Placements that are adapted for children who are deaf or hard of hearing (D/HH) are usually somewhere in schools designed for regular education of children who are able to hear typically.
These schools often provide mainstream education (meaning learning in regular education settings) and when children learn in regular classrooms for most or all of the time, it is called inclusion.
In some mainstream classrooms, children who are deaf or hard of hearing use special hearing devices, called
Frequency Modulation (FM) system and other listening technology, such as sound field system.
These devices enhance the sound quality in noisy classrooms.
Teachers wear microphones that link through FM or DM transmission to the child's hearing device.
In some cases, there is not a need for specialists to work with the student or the teacher. If a child has spoken or sign language similar to that of the other students, and seems to learn at the same rate, then this setting is probably appropriate.
Parents and teachers should carefully watch the language and academic progress of a child who is deaf or hard of hearing who is fully mainstreamed making sure that the room is acoustically treated to provide for the best listening environment.
Putting carpets on floors, acoustically tiled ceilings, hanging curtains or shades on tall windows, and covering room dividers with carpet pieces are ways that a room can be adapted so that hearing aids and FM/DM technology can work well.
Some students require support to do their best in a regular education setting. Supports might include:
Speech-language pathologist, educational audiologist and/or teacher of the deaf and hard of hearing
Tutors can be a teacher of the deaf and hard of hearing or a speech-language pathologist.
Some students are able to best access the instruction in the classroom through sign language. Educational interpreters are trained to work closely with the classroom teacher to support student's access to the information being conveyed in the educational setting.
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In some schools, resource rooms are used to serve students who are deaf or hard-of-hearing. Resource rooms may also include classrooms with children with various learning challenges (learning disabilities, speech and language, hearing loss).